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Latest Submissions Open for Peer Review

A new feature on the JMIR website, open peer review articles, allows JMIR users to sign themselves up as peer reviewers for specific articles currently considered by the Journal (in addition to author- and editor-selected reviewers). The list below shows recently submitted articles where submitting authors have not opted-out of the open peer-review experiment and where the editor has not made a decision yet. (Note that this feature is for reviewing specific articles - if you just want to sign up as reviewer (and wait for the editor to contact you if articles match your interests), please sign up as reviewer using your profile).
To assign yourself to an article as reviewer, you must have a user account on this site (if you don't have one, register for a free account here) and be logged in (please verify that your email address in your profile is correct). Add yourself as a peer reviewer to any article by clicking the '+Peer-review Me!+' link under each article. Full instructions on how to complete your review will be sent to you via email shortly after. Do not sign up as peer-reviewer if you have any conflicts of interest (note that we will treat any attempts by authors to sign up as reviewer under a false identity as scientific misconduct and reserve the right to promptly reject the article and inform the host institution).
The standard turnaround time for reviews is currently 2 weeks, and the general aim is to give constructive feedback to the authors and/or to prevent publication of uninteresting or fatally flawed articles. Reviewers will be acknowledged by name if the article is published, but remain anonymous if the article is declined.

The abstracts on this page are unpublished studies - please do not cite them (yet). If you wish to cite them/wish to see them published, write your opinion in the form of a peer-review!

Tip: Include the RSS feed of the JMIR submissions on this page on your iGoogle homepage, blog, or desktop RSS reader to stay informed about current submissions!

JMIR Submissions under Open Peer Review

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Titles/Abstracts of Articles Currently Open for Review


Titles/Abstracts of Articles Currently Open for Review:

  • Background: Approximately 50% of patients are nonadherent to prescribed medications. Patient perception regarding medication effectiveness has been linked to better adherence. However, how patients perceive effectiveness is poorly understood. Objective: We aimed to elucidate factors associated with perceived treatment satisfaction and effectiveness among patients with chronic health conditions. Methods: We conducted an online survey of participants with migraine, multiple sclerosis (MS), or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Descriptive statistics, correlations, and comparison tests were used to examine outcomes. Results: Data were collected from 1,820 patients: 567 with migraine, 717 with MS, and 536 with RA. The majority of participants were female (90.9%), >40 years old (79.9%), and diagnosed >5 years ago (65.2%). Treatment satisfaction and perceived medication effectiveness were highly correlated (r = 0.90, P < .0001). Three temporal factors were positively correlated with satisfaction and perceived effectiveness: time on current medication (satisfaction rs = 0.22, P < .0001; effectiveness rs = 0.25, P < .0001); time since diagnosis (satisfaction rs = 0.07, P = .004; effectiveness rs = 0.09, P =.0003); and time on treatment (effectiveness rs = 0.08, P = .002). Conclusions: Findings validated the strong relationship between treatment satisfaction and perceived effectiveness. Understanding the (1) positive relationship between “time” and treatment satisfaction and effectiveness and (2) factors associated with determining medication effectiveness can help clinicians better understand the mindset of patients in regard to treatment. Clinicians may be better prepared to elicit patient beliefs, which influence adherence to medication for people diagnosed with chronic health conditions.

  • Background: Reliable home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is essential to effective hypertension management, however manual recording is subject to under-reporting and inaccuracies. Mobile-health technologies hold great potential as HBPM tools, but fidelity of smartphone application (app) in HBPM has not been adequately assessed. Objective: The primary aim of the trial was to compare the fidelity of the smartphone app to that of a handwritten logbook in making HBPM data available to clinicians at follow-up visits. Fidelity was defined as the percentage of scheduled BP recordings over a 3-week period that were properly recorded and reported to the clinic. The secondary aims were to investigate patient factors associated with HBPM fidelity and to determine the effect of monitoring duration on fidelity. Methods: A two-arm, parallel, unblinded, randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted in a government polyclinic in Singapore. Hypertensive adults, ages 40-70 years who were on antihypertensive medication and owned a smartphone were recruited from clinic and randomized by a computer-generated randomization schedule to 3 weeks of HBPM using either a semi-automated process utilizing Bluetooth®-enabled BP monitor and a smartphone app or a fully-manual process utilizing a conventional handwritten logbook. The primary outcome was home BP recording fidelity. Results: Of the 80 patients randomized, 79 (Smartphone app, 38; Logbook, 41) were included in the final analysis. Although home BP recording fidelity was higher in the Smartphone app group, it did not differ significantly between study arms (Smartphone app, 66.7%; Logbook, 52.4%; P=.22). Chinese and Indian ethnicities were associated with higher fidelity (95% CI) by 35.6 (4.27, 66.9) and 45.0 (8.69, 81.3) points, respectively, in comparison to other ethnicities (P=.03); longer smartphone use increased fidelity on average 10.5 (0.83, 20.2) points per year of use (P=.03); number of apps on smartphone decreased fidelity at a rate of -0.32 (-0.58, -0.05) per app (P=.02); years of hypertension morbidity increased fidelity at a rate of 1.56 (0.03, 3.09) per year (P=.046); and the number of people working in the household decreased fidelity at a rate of -8.18 (-16.3, -0.08) points per additional working person (P=.048). The fidelity of the app was significantly higher in the first week (64.4%) compared to the second (55.1%, P=.001) and third (58.2%, P=.03) weeks of monitoring. Conclusions: Amidst the increasing integration of health technologies into clinical practice, our study demonstrates the feasibility of smartphone app-assisted HBPM in hypertensive adults in the multi-ethnic population of Singapore. Our pilot study found no significant difference in mean BP recording fidelity between a smartphone app and a conventional hand-written logbook. However, the small sample size precludes definitive conclusions and highlights the need for a larger, adequately powered trial. Clinical Trial: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03209024

  • Traumatic Retropharyngeal Abscess of Insidious Onset -a case report and literature review

    Date Submitted: Nov 25, 2018
    Open Peer Review Period: Dec 3, 2018 - Jan 28, 2019

    Retropharyngeal abscess is an abscess of the deep spaces in the neck which if not treated urgently can be life-threatening as a result of airway compromise. It is important to detect and treat very early. It may arise in pediatrics from direct neck trauma which is not very common and fishbone impaction. Direct anterior neck trauma resulting in insidious retropharyngeal abscess has not been widely reported.